Sunday, July 26, 2020

Unconditional offers on the rise what it means

Unconditional offers on the rise what it means Unconditional offers on the rise: what it means In 2017, there was a steep rise in the number of unconditional offers made by universities to A Level students. As many as 40% more unconditional offers were issued by universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland than in 2016, leading to an outcry in some quarters at the suggestion that such offers are undermining the integrity of the A Level system. But are these claims warranted? We take a look. What are unconditional offers? Students in the UK apply to universities via the centralised Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS) system, and university departments then give offers of places on their courses through the system. The vast majority of these offers are conditional on the applicant attaining a minimum set of grades in their A Level exams, for example a B and two Cs. But universities can also issue unconditional offers, which don’t specify any minimum A Level requirements at all. Why universities issue unconditional offers Universities tend to issue unconditional offers to students they really want to attract to their courses. They anticipate that other universities competing for the same students will hand these students conditional offers, and they hope that by promising applicants a stress-free ride through the end of their A Level studies, they can tempt students into accepting their offer. Remember that offers issues and accepted through the UCAS system are binding on both institution and student, so a student who accepts an unconditional offer “to be safe” commits to attending that institution, even if their results are better than they expected. This practice can backfire on an institution, however: it’s not uncommon for students to pick a challenging conditional offer as their first choice, and to take up the unconditional offer as an insurance choice, to ensure they’re able to attend a good university and avoid the stress of the Clearing process even if their A Levels go disastrously wrong! Why are unconditional offers suddenly in the news? There’s nothing new about the practice of issuing unconditional offers. What is remarkable, however, is the steep rise in the number of unconditional offers issued to applicants, and the type of students to whom these offers are made. Traditionally unconditional offers were used primarily to take the exam pressure off otherwise very high-performing students â€" those estimated AAA or AAB at A Level, for example. These were students with a proven track record of excellence who could be virtually guaranteed to thrive in a university environment even if they underperformed at A Level. Unconditional offers are now being issued much more freely to students estimated to score in the B to C range in their A Level exams, sparking accusations that universities are undermining the A Level “gold standard” to put more bums on lecture hall seats. Why the change? And are A Levels really being “undermined”? If one were being uncharitable, one might suggest that universities were simply seeking to compensate for reforms in A Level exams that have supposedly made them more rigorous and challenging, and ensuring that their admissions don’t fall as a result. If this were indeed the case, you could probably argue that universities were indeed undermining efforts to ensure the rigour of A Levels. But the story behind the A Level reforms isn’t that simple. It’s not just that A Levels have been made more rigorous but that they’ve been refocused on final, end-of-course exams. This reverses a longstanding trend towards modular, coursework-based approaches to assessment that are more inclusive and favour students with specific learning disabilities such as dyslexia, or those who simply find exams stressful. In many ways, A Levels have been recalibrated not to test knowledge or academic ability but to test the ability to take exams. Since most universities use modular and coursework-based assessment systems there’s a case to be made that a student’s estimated grades â€" supplied by teachers who evaluate their performance regularly â€" is of greater value in determining that student’s likely university performance than their final A Level marks. What seems clear from the recent trends is that universities are basing their admissions procedures on whether they think a given applicant can thrive on their courses rather than on their final A Level exam results. Whether that technically involves undermining the A Level system or not probably depends on your perspective, but we can probably expect to see more unconditional offers issued in the future. You may also like... Universities’ financial prospects: should we be worried? Its high time universities move past BTEC snobbery Why is London attracting so many fresh graduates? a levelsstudent newsucasuniversity applications

Friday, May 22, 2020

Radiation How Much Is Safe

Growing public concern about possible radiation exposure during the 2011 nuclear crisis in Japan raised questions about radiation safety: What is the relative safety of radiation at various levels?How much radiation is safe?How much radiation is dangerous or, potentially, lethal? Such concerns about radiation safety and public health prompted officials in many countries to quickly offer assurances that the radiation exposure experienced by people in the United States and other countries, and most parts of Japan, is safe and poses no health risk. In their eagerness to calm public fears about the safety of radiation and the short-term health risks of radiation exposure from the damaged nuclear reactors in Japan, however, government officials may have ignored or glossed over the potential long-term health risks and cumulative effects of radiation. Radiation Is Never Safe There is no safe level of radiation, said Dr. Jeff Patterson, immediate past president of Physicians for Social Responsibility, a radiation exposure expert, and a practicing family doctor in Madison, Wisconsin. Every dose of radiation has the potential to cause cancers, and we know that there are other damaging effects of radiation as well. The history of the radiation industry, all the way back [to] the discovery of X-rays ... is one of understanding that principle. Radiation Damage Is Cumulative We know that radiation is not safe. The damage is cumulative, and so we try and limit how much radiation exposure we get, Patterson said, noting that even during medical procedures, such as dental or orthopedic X-rays, patients wear thyroid shields and lead aprons to protect them from radiation. Radiologists may add to their protective wardrobe lead-lined gloves and special glasses to protect their corneas because you can get cataracts from radiation. Patterson made his remarks to reporters during a panel discussion about the Japan nuclear crisis at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, on March 18, 2011. The event was hosted by Friends of the Earth and featured two other nuclear experts: Peter Bradford, who was a member of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission during the Three Mile Island nuclear accident in 1979 and is a former chair of the Maine and New York utility commissions; and Robert Alvarez, senior scholar at the Institute for Policy Studies and former senior policy adviser for six years to the U.S. Energy Secretary and the Deputy Assistant Secretary for National Security and the Environment. To support his statements, Patterson cited a National Academy of Sciences report, The Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation, which concluded that radiation is a direct linear relationship [of] dose to damage, and that every dose of radiation has the potential to cause cancers. Radiation Effects Last Forever Patterson also addressed the difficulty of managing the risks of nuclear energy, and assessing the health and environmental damage caused by nuclear accidents such as Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and the earthquake-and-tsunami-generated crisis at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex in Japan. Most accidents [and] natural [disasters], like Hurricane Katrina, have a beginning, a middle, and an end, Patterson said. We pack up, we repair things, and we carry on. But nuclear accidents are much, much different ... They have a beginning, and ... the middle may go on for some time ... but the end never comes. This just goes on forever. Because the effects of radiation go on forever. How many of these incidents can we tolerate before we realize that this is absolutely the wrong path to be taking? It’s an attempt to manage the unmanageable, Patterson said. There’s no way to be sure that this won’t happen again. In fact, it will happen again. History repeats itself. More Honesty About Radiation Safety Needed And speaking of history, the history of the nuclear industry has been one of minimization and cover up ... in regard to the effects of radiation [and] what has happened in these accidents, Patterson said. And that really has to change. Our government has to be open and honest with us about what’s happening there. Otherwise the fear, the concerns, just get greater. Radiation Safety and Damage Cannot Be Assessed Short-Term Asked by a reporter to explain reports that the Chernobyl nuclear accident has had no serious lasting effects on people or wildlife in the area, Patterson said the official reports on Chernobyl dont match the scientific data. Documented effects of radiation released during the Chernobyl accident include thousands of deaths due to thyroid cancer, studies showing genetic defects in many insect species around Chernobyl, and animals hundreds of miles from Chernobyl that still cant be slaughtered for meat because of the radioactive Cesium in their bodies. Yet Patterson pointed out that even those assessments are inevitably premature and incomplete. Twenty-five years after the Chernobyl accident, the people in Belarus are still eating radiation from the mushrooms and things that they gather in the forest that are high in Cesium, Patterson said. And so this does, indeed, go on and on. It’s one thing to say in a brief picture that there’s no damage. It’s another thing to look at this over 60 or 70 or 100 years, which is the time length we have to follow this. Most of us are not going to be around for the end of that experiment, he said. We’re putting it on our children and grandchildren. Edited by Frederic Beaudry

Friday, May 8, 2020

Caring For The Oral Cancer Patient - 1481 Words

Caring for the Oral Cancer Patient Sonja Black Brown Mackie College Greenville Oral cancer is considered to be any cancer that affects the head or neck with the exclusion of the brain. According to The Oral Cancer Foundation, over 43 thousand people will be diagnosed with oral cancer yearly and of that number over 8 thousand of these cases will result in death (Hill, Deitz, Sax, 2014, p. para 1). Oral cancer consists of squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, lymphoma, and benign oral cavity tumors. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of oral cancer and is responsible for at least 90% of all oral cancers (Ignatavicius Workman, 2013, p. 1196). Oral cancer is initially formed by an†¦show more content†¦1197). The results of an evidence-based study concluded that serum and saliva might also be beneficial when used as a diagnostic test marker for oral cancer (Dadhich, Prabhu, Pai, D Souza, Harish, Jose, 2014). Risk Factors As with most diseases, prevention is the best approach and even though there is no definite answer to why cancer develops, there are several risk factors that may suggest that oral cancer is probable. The use of tobacco and alcohol increase the risk of developing oral cancer as so does the incident of contracting a HPV infection, which is the Human Papillomavirus (Hill, Deitz, Sax, 2014, p. para 6). According to recent studies, HPV is becoming the leading factor in patients with oral cancer. Patients should be assessed and screened for alcohol and tobacco abuse as well as the possibility of exposure to the HPV virus to determine their risk for oral cancer. Some other risk factors that may not be apparent are the exposure to the sun for prolonged periods of time without an effective sunscreen agent and a history of previous oral cancer (Hill, Deitz, Sax, 2014). A comprehensive assessment should be performed to measure the probability of this patient developing oral cancer. Home Care Management Patients should be educated on how to maintain their health while they are at

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Comparison Between of Mice and Men and What’s Eating Gilbert Grape Free Essays

They both have similar qualities that relate in each story. In Steinbeck’s novel, Of Mice and Men, the time period is set in the 1930s. In the movie Whats Eating Gilbert Grape, it is set more in the modern times. We will write a custom essay sample on Comparison Between of Mice and Men and What’s Eating Gilbert Grape or any similar topic only for you Order Now The characters act and are similar in a lot of ways. Gilbert is a teenager that is struggling to support his family after his father killed himself. Gilbert relates to George because they are both constantly having to take care of someone else. George is always having to take care of Lennie. Lennie is also a mentally handicapped man who is the reason why they are in trouble most of the time. Lennie and Arnie are exactly the same.They both have a â€Å"fatherly† figure that is always there to take care of them and they both are diagnosed with mentally retardation. Although the time period is different, both stories follow along with the same story line. They both are struggling with living in a depressing world and always looking for opportunities for work. Betty Carver is a married mother of two children who is lonely. Her husband is a sales man and is considered mean. They relate to Curley and his wife. Curley is a land owner and is the boss of the workers. Curley’s wife is always looking for attention but is not someone you want to mess around with.They both are seducing younger men which in the end turns out to be trouble. Bonnie, the mother of the grape family, is struggling with being morbidly obese and widowed. She is laughed at and made fun of when seen. She reminds me of Crook. Crook is a black man who is put down because of his color. He doesn’t like to be   around anyone he doesn’t know. In the end, both George and Gilbert have to make a big decision. George has to either killer Lennie or run away again and Gilbert has to either let his mother be humiliated by being lifted out by a crane or burn the house down with her inside of it. How to cite Comparison Between of Mice and Men and What’s Eating Gilbert Grape, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Various Genetic Disorders Essay Example For Students

Various Genetic Disorders Essay Various Genetic Disorders Alterations in human chromosomes or the deletion of an important gene product are often due to a mutation, which can spring an abundant strand of genetic mutations and improper coding. Mutations can spring from deletion, duplication or inversion of a chromosome. This improper deletion is the factor that leads to complications and ultimately genetic disorders. Turner Syndrome and Cat-cry Syndrome are both alterations of chromosome structure due to deletion. In Turner Syndrome, there is a missing X chromosome and in the Cat-cry Syndrome chromosome-18 has been lost or deleted. Other genetic disorders that give rise to discussion are point mutations which include Sickle cell anemia, Maternal PKU and the genetic disorder of The D1 Trisomy syndrome. We will write a custom essay on Various Genetic Disorders specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Turner Syndrome was described first by Turner in 1938 (Jack H. Hung 1989 p.45) and it was established that this disorder was due to the deletion of an X chromosome in 1959 by Ford, Jones, Polani, de Ameida and Briggs. The most predominant traits of those who have this disorder consist of being short, having neck webbing with a low hairline and having a widely spaced chest. Turner Syndrome disease is not a fatal disease as long as there is management of possible heart problems and ovarian dysfunction. Early support and counseling are the key in dealing with psychological problems that may arise such as infertility and potential hearing loss. Cat-cry Syndrome is another deletion disorder in which inhibitor survives quite well. Lejeune recognized this disorder in 1964 and he gave it the official name of La Maladie du Cri-du-Chat. The physical characteristics are evident in this disorder. There is a round moon-face, a low birth weight and a transverse palmar crease. When infants are born, it is their cry that stands out the most. It embodies a plaintive high-pitched wail, weak, and with a hint of stridor that sounds like that of a cat (Valtine 1969 p.113). This cry is the result of small vocal cords and a curved epiglottis. As these infants grow older their voice will eventually deepen and become more normal. The chromosome deletion is part of the short arm of a B group chromosome. It seems that the deletion comes about as a chance mishap, a break and then a loss at anaphase (Valtine 1969 p.114). Sickle cell disease is another disorder but is not caused by the deletion of a chromosome. Instead there is an abnormal type of hemoglobin S that is inherited as an autosomal inherited trait. This disease produces chronic anemia, which may become life threatening when hemolytic crises (the breakdown of redblood cells) or aplastic crises (bone marrow fails to produce blood cells) occur (http://www.wcu.edu/library/online/index.htm). The incidence of this disorder is 1/400 African Americans and 8/100,000 people. The manifestations of this disease are a result of the fragility and inflexibility of the sickle red bloodcells. When exposed to a lack of water, infection, and low oxygen supply, thesedelicate red blood cells take the shape of a crescent. This then causes blood celldevastation and thickening of the blood. Sickle cell anemia has the potential to be life threatening and can affect other body systems and parts of the body. Those included are the nervous system, bones, the kidneys and the liver. Maternal PKU is a genetic disorder that stems from point mutation. 1/15,000 people fall victim to the disorder. Phenylketonuria (PKU) has been shown as a cause of retardation in infant fetuses. Children in the fetus begin with a normal amount of phenylalanine hydroxylase but are affected by the mothers elevated phenylalanine level due to the imbalance of prenatal amino acid (Kenneth Lyons Jones, M.D. 1988). Mental deficiency is clearly evident in disorder and usually consists of I.Q.s of 50. There are frequent mild manifestations of dysfunction and there are mild characteristics of a round face, thin upper lip, a small upturned nose and a deformed maxilla. Occasional abnormalities that are frequently associated with this disorder are sacral spine anomalies, cleft lip and irritability. .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 , .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .postImageUrl , .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 , .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2:hover , .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2:visited , .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2:active { border:0!important; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2:active , .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2 .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u82a046d257d31a4b051d431be46c8ca2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Euclid's Facts EssayThe D1 Trisomy Syndrome is a very rare hideous disease that occurs during the time of infancy. Only just over a dozen cases on record. This diagnosis can often be made at birth due to the consistent abnormalities. The baby is frail, puny, and microcephalic. There may be deformities of the scalp or skull and there is invariably cleft lip or palate (Kenneth Lyons Jones, M.D.). The fingers and toes are often disfigured on these victems. As far as the other body parts go, there is a congenital heart deformity and there is often abnormal lobulation of the lungs. Interestingly enough, these bizarre deformities are present due to one of the chromosomes in Grou p D, but it is hard to say which one because the D chromosomes cannot be distinguished. The disorder of the D1 Trisomy syndrome is fatal and the babies are expected to live only a few days or weeks, some have lived to 2 or 3 years. If the baby does live past infancy, severe mental defects take their toll. This disorder stood out to me due to the nature of its mysterious formation. It is not known whether pair 13,14, or 15 arise conflict in the chromosomes. Through conducting research on genetic disorders I have come into contact with books that hold hundreds of genetic disorders and most of these pictures are those of children. I picked this topic due to my interest on the topic, but was completely unaware of the graphic nature of some of these disorders. Theodore Roosevelt quotesFar better it is to dare mighty things, to win glorious triumphs, even though checkered by failure, than to take rank with those poor spirits who neither enjoy much nor suffer much, because they live in the great twilight that knows neither victory nor the feeling of defeat. The genetic disorders of today can not be totally wiped off the face of the planet, but can be somewhat predicted with the help of family trees and common knowledge of ancestors. BibliographyKenneth Lyons Jones, M.D. 1988. Smiths Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation pp.520-521 W. B. Saunders Company. G.H. Valentine, M B. 1969. The Chromosome Disorders pp. 113-115 pp. 103-106 Printed in Great Britain by The Whitefriars Press Ltd. London and Tonbridge. Jack H. Jung, M.D. 1989. Genetic syndromes in Communication Disorders pp. 45 PRO-ED Printed in the United States of America. Neil A Campbell, Lawrence G. Mitchell, Jane B. Reece. 1997. Biology concepts and connections. In The Human Genome pp. 238-239 The Benjamin/cummings Publishing Company. Arthur Metcalf. Sickle Cell Diesase. Accessed 4/20/99 through Dogpile. http://www.wcu.edu/library/online/index.htm)

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Your Ideal Reader

Your Ideal Reader Your Ideal Reader Your Ideal Reader By Ali Hale If you’re reading Daily Writing Tips, you’re probably a writer of some description. And being a writer means, in the vast majority of cases, that you have – or at least want to have – readers. So, have you thought about your Ideal Reader? What is an Ideal Reader? Your ideal reader is a construct designed to represent your audience. If you’re writing a blog about frugality and budgeting, your ideal reader might be a single mom in her thirties. Alternatively, your ideal reader could be a high school graduate heading off to college. For a short story writer, an ideal reader might be a woman working in a shop, flicking through short stories in her breaks or during quiet times of the day. Alternatively, a short story writer might envisage a very different ideal reader – perhaps an elderly male professor poring over the story in a hushed library, extracting every nuance. Why do I want an Ideal Reader? You might wonder what the point of creating an â€Å"ideal reader† is. Perhaps you think your audience is too diverse, and that there’s no way you could come up with one imaginary character to represent them. But having an ideal reader is well worth the effort, in terms of boosting your writing productivity: â€Å"Consider how much more quickly words flow when you’re writing an email to a friend versus creating a formal business presentation. When you have a specific recipient in mind, you have a much easier time communicating your ideas.† from Why Create An Ideal Reader? Do you ever find yourself struggling to get started an article, blog post, story or poem? Do you worry that the topic will bore your readers, or that your literary allusions will go over their heads? Having an ideal reader in mind makes it much easier to pitch your writing at the right level. Even if you don’t have an audience yet, you’ll still want to think about your ideal reader. When I was planning my new blog, Alpha Student, I put a good bit of thought into my ideal reader: a keen, intelligent, slightly shy, university student who isn’t really into the wilder aspects of student life. This really helped when focusing the blog and deciding on the tone of the articles (I’ve not written about drunken nights or peppered my advice with swear words, for instance!) Who is My Ideal Reader? If you’re writing for a specific publication, you’re in luck. Many magazines publish profiles for prospective advertisers, detailing the demographics of the magazine’s readership. Here in the UK, I find the IPC Media website very helpful for finding these details. For example, for Horse magazine, I’m told that the â€Å"target readers† are horse enthusiast women aged 20-40 from the ABC1 (middle/upper class) categories. This would be a good starting point for creating an ideal reader. â€Å"At a minimum I keep in mind the age and gender of the reader. For example, I sometimes do news articles for a small, local weekly newspaper. Since I live in the neighborhood, I know that we’re an incredibly diverse area, but that the readership of the paper tends to be older women. So that’s who I write for, keeping in mind the others, and occasionally working in some ethnic bits.† from Write for Your Ideal Reader If you’re writing fiction for a particular magazine, look at the advertisements, the editorial, and the letters from readers. This can give you a lot of clues about the gender, age, interests and social class of the ideal reader for that market. Even copywriters and marketers can create an ideal reader – often called an â€Å"ideal customer†. I took Sonia Simone’s excellent Content Class by email (it’s free), and her first lesson is â€Å"Write for One Customer†. She says: If your ideal customer is a little formal, write to her like youd send an email to your Great Aunt Susie. If hes casual, write like youd write to an old college buddy. (Its probably smart to keep it rated-G, though.) Over to You If you have a blog, novel, short story collection, article or any other writing project underway, stop and ask yourself – who am I writing for? Who’s my ideal reader? You can get as detailed about this as you like: try to make it a fun exercise. Give your ideal reader a name, a personality, interests, worries, a birthday. Then, every time you write, write for that one person. Why not tell us about your ideal reader in the comments? Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Writing Basics category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:12 Types of LanguageEmail EtiquetteWords Often Misspelled Because of Double Letters

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

2018 2019 Full Review of Every ACT Test Date

2018 2019 Full Review of Every ACT Test Date SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Figuring out the best ACT test date for you isn’t always easy, especially if you’re stuck debating between two or more upcoming ACTs. Before you choose a date, ask yourself:which date will work best with your schedule? Will you have any obligations or extracurriculars around that time? When are your college application deadlines? This guide introduces all upcoming ACT test dates for the 2018-19 testing year and also offers specific advice on the best possible dates for sophomores, juniors, and seniors. 2018 ACT Test Dates These fall and early winter ACTs are some of the best dates for juniors looking totake their first ACT. They’re also good for seniors who want to take the ACT a final time before their college applications are due. As for sophomores, most of these dates are too early and should be avoided. September 8, 2018 Registration Deadline: August 10, 2018 Late Registration Deadline: August 26, 2018 Sophomores This test date is at the start of the school year and is therefore too early for sophomores. As a sophomore, you won’t yet have studied the bulk of concepts tested on the ACT, so there won’t be much point in taking it this early. In addition, because most sophomores don’t know for sure where they’ll be applying to college just yet, you probably won’t have a concrete list of schools or a specific ACT goal score in mind. If you’d really like to get a head start on your ACT prep, you can use this time to begin some light studying: try out some official ACT practice questions, get familiar with the test format, and take a look at a few official practice tests. Juniors This is a great date for juniors to take their first ACT. By this time, you should be familiar with most ACT content. This date also gives you plenty of time to retake the ACT in the spring, summer, and/or fall of your senior year, if needed. (We recommend taking the ACT at least twice since you’re more likely to get a higher score on your second try!) Finally, this test date gives you the whole summer to prep for the ACT, which can be helpful if you're not a fan of studying during the school year and having to juggle classes and test prep. Seniors Seniors can use this test date to take their final ACT before college application deadlines. If you’re applying early decision or early action, this date easily allows you to get your ACT scores to your colleges in time. (Most early decision/early action deadlines are around November.) Furthermore, since you’ll have the whole summer to prep for the ACT, you won’t have to worry about balancing test prep with college applications. Who said Halloween candy can't be brain food for the ACT? October 27, 2018 Registration Deadline: September 28, 2018 Late Registration Deadline: October 14, 2018 Sophomores Again, this test date is still early for sophomores. However, if you really want to get exposure to the ACT, you have three main options at this point: Option 1:Take a full-length ACT practice test.Doing this can help you learn more about the format and content of the exam. Just note that you won’t have studied all the concepts being tested on it yet. Option 2:Take the PreACT,which is a practice ACT for sophomores. This test is similar to the PSAT (a practice SAT), only it's not associated with a scholarship competition. The PreACT may be administered any time during the school year between September and June. Schools choose whether (and when) they want to administer it. To learn more about the PreACT and your high school's plans for it, speak with your guidance counselor. Option 3: Take the PSAT,which will be administered on October 10, 2018. Even though the PSAT is a practice test for the SAT and not the ACT, taking it can be a smart way to get in some general test-taking practice and help you determine whether you should take the SAT or ACT. It can also help prepare you to take the PSAT again as a junior when you'll be eligible for the National Merit Scholarship Program! Juniors This October test date is another great date for juniors, especially if you missed the earlier one in September. This ACT date gives you ample time to see your scores and then prepare for a retake in the spring or summer. If you’ve decided to take the PSAT, however, I don’t advise taking the ACT at this time. Studying for both tests could easily overwhelm you- and might even confuse you, too, sincethe PSAT/SAT and ACT, albeit similar, are not identical in content or form. Seniors Seniors can choose this test date and still get their ACT scores to colleges in time. Since most regular application deadlines are January 1, this is a good time to take the ACT one last time should you want to. If you'reapplying early action/early decision, this date should work for most schools- but be aware that it'll likely be the last possible ACT you can take. Don't forget that you’ll be pretty busy around this time as you prepare your college applications, so I highly recommend opting for an earlier test date if possible. If only this adorable Arctic fox administered this wintry ACT. December 8, 2018 Registration Deadline: November 2, 2018 Late Registration Deadline: November 19, 2018 Sophomores Although this test date is still early for 10th graders,if you’re really curious about what the ACT is like, go ahead and give it a shot. Remember not to put too much pressure on yourself to get a high score; you still haven’t learned all the ins and outs of the concepts tested on the ACT, after all! Ultimately, it's still a better idea to just focus on taking ACT practice tests instead of taking the actual ACT. (Plus, you’ll save money!) Juniors While you can definitely take the ACT on this date, it might overlap with your finals, so I suggest taking it on one of the earlier test dates if possible. If you haven’t taken the ACT at all and really want to get your first one over with before spring, this is a solid date to choose. Just make sure you have a plan for balancing your finals with your ACT prep. Seniors This is the last possible ACT test date for most seniors. If you're applying regular decision, most colleges should be able to accept ACT scores from this date; some won't, though, so make sure to check with your colleges directly before you register for this test. As is the case for juniors, since this test date might overlap with your prep for finals, it's important to strike a healthy balance in your schedule so that you don’t overwhelm yourself. C'mon, Frank, you had one job- to drag in the 2019 statue and get out of the frame! *sighs* 2019 ACT Test Dates Although seniors likely won’t be able to take the ACT after early winter, these test dates should work well for sophomores and juniors. February 9, 2019 Registration Deadline: January , 2019 Late Registration Deadline: January 18, 2019 This test date is not available in New York. Sophomores You can take the test on this date if you really want to, but just know that it’s still pretty early for sophomores. You’ll likely struggle the most with the Math section, especially if you’re in Geometry class. If you’re in Algebra II or higher, however, you should know most of the math concepts being tested and could give it a shot if you're truly interested. Juniors Juniors can opt for this test date if they wish, but it’s most likely better to wait to take the ACT until spring, especially if it’s your second ACT and you took your first test back in the fall. Waiting for a spring test date will give you more time between tests to prep and hone your weaknesses so you can ultimately achieve a bigger score increase. Moreover, if you choose this winter test date, you’ll likely have to do a significant amount of ACT prep over your winter break. Seniors This is the final test date seniors can choose if applying regular decision at select colleges. Though most colleges won’t accept ACT scores from the February test date, some will, especially those with late application deadlines. If you’re thinking of taking the ACT one final time, make sure to check whether the schools you’re applying to will accept scores from this test date or not. Ah, spring. When you can finally study for the ACT in the same field Edward Cullen sparkled in. April 13, 2019 Registration Deadline: March 8, 2019 Late Registration Deadline: March 25, 2019 Sophomores This is a good date for high-achieving sophomores to try out the ACT. By this time, you should have learned most of the concepts on the test (though there might be some math ones you’ve yet to master). I suggest using this test to get a baseline score and to figure out what your biggest weaknesses are so you can start to think about what you'll need to concentrate on in your future prep. After you get your scores, you can take the ACT again in the fall of your junior year, and if you hit your goal score then, that's it- no more ACT! This gives you a huge advantage, as it lets you get the test out of the way early and gives you extra time to work on your college applications. Juniors This April test date is an excellent time for juniors to take the ACT for the first or second time, as it shouldn’t conflict with finals. Plus, by this point, you’ll have learned all the major concepts that are tested on the ACT. If this is your second ACT, you’re doing a great job of organizing your time. If you're able to hit your goal score on this date, you won’t have to retake the ACT and can instead use the summer to relax and focus on getting a head start on your college applications. If you still haven’t taken the ACT, however, I recommend doing so by this test date. This way, you’ll still have the whole summer to study and retake it at the end of summer or in the fall of your senior year should you need to raise your scores. Seniors Unfortunately, this test date is too late for seniors, as nearly all college application deadlines will have passed by this time. Be sure to get in your final ACT by December (or possibly February, depending on your colleges’ deadlines). June 8, 2019 Registration Deadline: May 3, 2019 Late Registration Deadline: May 20, 2019 Sophomores This is another great date for sophomores to take the ACT. With this date, you’ll get your ACT scores back by mid-summer and can use the rest of the summer to start prepping for a retake at the beginning of your junior year. The only big disadvantage is that this date might conflict with finals, which can make it tricky to prioritize your prep time wisely. Juniors This is another solid option for juniors, especially if you want to get the ACT over with before summer vacation. As I mentioned above, however, this test date could conflict with your finals, so make sure you’re using your time smartly and aren't overwhelming yourself with too many study sessions. Ideally, you’ll check your schedule before you register for this date so you can know exactly when all your tests are and when you can dedicate time to studying for each of them. If possible, I recommend opting for the April test date instead of this one, as that one is a lot less likely to coincide with finals and other important school tests. Summer challenge: eat your ice cream before it melts while taking an ACT practice test! Bonus points if you don't get any ice cream on your test. Triple bonus points if you don't care and just lick it off. July 13, 2019 Registration Deadline: June 14, 2019 Late Registration Deadline: June 24, 2019 This test date is not available in New York or California. Sophomores This is a good date for sophomores who want to get their first ACT done before junior year. By this time you’ll have learned nearly all the big concepts on the test. Therefore, you can use this ACT to get a more accurate feel as to what your biggest strengths and weaknesses are. One big plus is that you won’t have to deal with any classes or homework as you prepare for this test, since it’s in the middle of summer.Unfortunately, this means that you’ll be spending about half the summer studying, so think deeply about whether this is OK before you sign up for it. You’ll get your scores in August, which doesn’t give you a ton of time to assess your performance and prepare for a retake in September. That being said, you should have enough time to prep for a retake in either October or December. Juniors This is an excellent test date for juniors who don’t want to prep during the school year and don’t mind studying over the summer. You also won’t have to worry about college applications at this time, so feel free to channelallyour energy into getting a great ACT score! Review: The Best ACT Test Dates for 2018-19 In total, there are seven ACT test dates for the 2018-19 testing year, which are as follows: September 8, 2018 October 27, 2018 December 8, 2018 February 9, 2019 (not available in New York) April 13, 2019 June 8, 2019 July 13, 2019 (not available in New York or California) For sophomores, the best test dates are those at the end of the school year and those in the summer: April, June, and July. These dates are good since they give you time to learn most of the content on the ACT; they also give you ample time to prepare for and later retake the exam during your junior year. When it comes to juniors, pretty much all ACT test dates work well. We typically advise juniors to take their first ACT in the fall and their second ACT in the spring. Following this schedule will give you plenty of time to retake the test a third time in the fall of your senior year, if needed. Seniors can take their final ACT in the fall (September or October),as these dates should allow enough time for scores to get to colleges before applications are due- even if you're applying early action or early decision. Seniors can also do the December or February dates but only if absolutely necessary- and if the colleges you’re applying to have specifically stated they will accept test scores from these dates. What’s Next? For more tips on how to find the best ACT test date for you, check out our in-depth guide to ACT test dates for 2018 and 2019.Once you pick a date, spend some time learning what you'll want to bring to the test- and what you'll want to leave behind! You know how to find the ideal date for you- but what about the ideal test center? Get tips in our guide to choosing the best ACT test center. Curious about SAT test dates, too?Read our full guide to choosing SAT dates for 2018 and 2019! Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically.